On July 9, , Louisiana and South Carolina voted to ratify the amendment, after they had rejected it a year earlier. The votes made the 14 th Amendment officially part of the Constitution.
But in the ensuing years, the Supreme Court was slow to decide how the new and old rights guaranteed under the federal constitution applied to the states. In the early Supreme Court decisions about the 14 th Amendment, the Court often ruled in favor of limiting the incorporation of these rights on a state and local level.
But starting in the s, the Court embraced the application of due process and equal protection, despite state laws that conflicted with the 14th Amendment. Here is a look at 10 famous Court decisions that show the progression of the 14th Amendment from Reconstruction to the era of affirmative action. Justice Samuel Miller dismissed the butchers' claims regarding due process and involuntary servitude.
The privileges and immunities of U.
Examples of Charter-related cases
Plessy v. Plessy argued that the Louisiana statute violated the 13th and 14th Amendments by treating black Americans inferior to whites. Plessy lost in every court in Louisiana before appealing to the Supreme Court in In a decision, the Court held that as long as the facilities were equal, their separation satisfied the 14th Amendment. Justice John Marshall Harlan authored the lone dissent.
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Passionately he clarified that the Constitution was color-blind, railing the majority for an opinion which he believed would match Dred Scott in infamy. Lochner v. Gitlow v. A socialist named Benjamin Gitlow printed an article advocating the forceful overthrow of the government and was arrested under New York state law. Gitlow argued that the First Amendment guaranteed freedom of speech and the press. Brown v. Board of Education. Mapp v.
Examples of Charter-related cases
When police asked to search her home, Mapp refused unless the police produced a warrant. The police used a piece of paper as a fake warrant and gained access to her home illegally. After searching the house without finding the bombing suspect, police discovered sexually explicit materials and arrested Mapp under state law that prohibited the possession of obscene materials.
Mapp was convicted of possessing obscene materials and faced up to seven years in prison before she appealed her case on the argument that she had a First Amendment right to possess the material. Gideon v. The court held that the appellate court erred in its analysis of the limited-authority doctrine and in holding Both parties were licensed att Justia Opinion Summary: In December , the decedent had gastric bypass surgery and developed a bed sore that became infected. The Hospital discharged him four days after the procedure.
In January , the decedent died from complications as The court appointed her mother as her guardian to administer her estate and appointed attorney Fahrenkamp Justia Opinion Summary: Clark pled guilty to charges of burglary and unlawful use of a credit card and was released on bond pending the imposition of sentence. Justia Opinion Summary: Plaintiffs, Jane and her parents, sued two individuals and several entities including and affiliated with the United Church of Christ UCC after Jane was sexually assaulted by a youth pastor.
Plaintiffs alleged that the Enter your email. Supreme Court of Illinois Decisions. People v. Carmichael v.
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Union Pacific Railroad Co. Accettura v. Vacationland, Inc. County of Will v.
McCarthy v. McIntosh v. Walgreens Boots Alliance, Inc. Ward v.
Landmark United States Supreme Court Cases
Nichols v. LMP Services, Inc. Doe v. Roberts v.
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